1600 feet above another grand canon view in suddenness and general tone of rock colors. A good road graded down to sea and village with “palace”. The whole journey interesting in landscape beauty and in forest. (2d. Or 100th crop) flowers, and many strange Turk and Georgian, Tartar peoples we met, mostly teamsters driving oxen with simple yokes, hauling wood and timber to Sebastopol. The views were a succession of broad glacial valleys and wave ridges. Valleys all rather rudely cultivated. Mountains with fine parallel lines cut abruptly at the sea. The ground is strangely new looking for a country so long settled. Seems as if almost freshly glaciated. Clematis and vitis and ivy covers many a tree and rock. Ivy in particular, very much at home in its wildness and climbs high with large stems. Celtis common, with berries 1/4 inch in diameter. Fine Tilia cordata now in bloom, 2 junipers. One of the largest and handsomest valleys was that of Balaklava. Stopped at monument raised by the British army, for memory of those who fell in the great war. Had to be renewed. After lunch we descended 4 or 500 feet by easy curves and grades, then up again and down for hours, having high Yosemite shaped cliffs on our left. The blue Black Sea on our right, we winding along the talus 1000 or 1500 feet above the sea, and the cliffs gray like granite though cherty limestone twice as high above us. Almost Yosemite-like for 40 miles.
Original journal dimensions: 9.5 x 16 cm.
Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library
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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist