The base of the main heavy central portion of the ice cliff is probably beneath the sea-level, and were it not frozen would be a small active glacier that would rapidly vanish. Being frozen, however, over the top and undoubtedly to the side and bottom it is rigid as the rock against which it is leaning. Several pretty good cross-sections, 50 ft. or so in depth, may be seen, showing the structure where a small stream has cut handsome canyons into it. The ice seems perfectly free from leaves, moss, or any sort of admixture of vegetable matter or dirt, only a slight tinge of what may be caused by the infiltration of tundra water. The color is grayish white outside, with a glassy fracture inside, but with some hints of granular structure, as if the transformation
Original journal dimensions: 11.5 x 21 cm.
Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library
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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist