John Muir


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in the launch to examine the Elephant Pt. ice formation. We first climbed to the top of the highest portion of the cliff where it is 140 ft. high, and set the men to digging two holes at a distance of about 50 and 100 ft. from the brink. Then I pushed along the bottom of the bluff to its end, and beyond 2 miles around a marshy point forming the extreme of the main ice-bluff. I found the bank or bluff towards the mount of the Buckland R. about from 40 to 60 ft. high, with regular slope of about 30o, covered mostly with willows and alders 5 or 6 ft. high, and long grass, and with patches of ice here and there, but showing no large masses. The soil seemed to be fine blue clay at bottom tide-line, with coarse washed quartz pebbles and sand like that of the banks of the opposite side of the estuary, evidently brought down

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 11.5 x 21 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist