John Muir


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of soil above it, the whole located on the brow of the slope facing the bay, and about the fall to the bottom. A portion of it had already fallen. The sticks do not seem to be very ancient, not yet petrified – perhaps a century, considering that they have been preserved by frost. There is one uprooted alder in the heap that is 7 inches dia[meter], while none are found growing nearer than 50 yards from it. The amount of bluff worn away may have been considerable. Fossil bones of buffalo, muskox, deer, and mammoth discovered here, that seem to have come out of the tundra, or perhaps down the river. Tusks, decayed, found 2 about 3 and 6 or 8 in. dia, Rusty glacial drift of washed pebbles found extending along a considerable portion of ice-cliff, about 40 feet above the sea-level.

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 11.5 x 21 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist