John Muir


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on the head of the Buckland and [Kauk]. This remnant is about from a few years to 300 yards wide, lying back against a hill which risers gradually to a height of 300 or 400 ft. It has a northern exposure, has lingered here in the shade after the trunk had vanished. The sloping ground above it sent down glacial mud upon its surface, filling up crevasses and hollows over which mosses and lichens began to grow out, which eventually formed so thick a felt covering as to prevent waste, keep it permanently frozen, and thus it has lasted until now, wasting only on the exposed face fronting the estuary, the material of the tundra being precipitated over the ice-cliff and washed away. Were it not for its fronting open water swept by tide currents,

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 11.5 x 21 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist