John Muir


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still; or, if they were well away from the boat and fancied themselves unseen they swam in this sunken outstretched condition and were soon lost to view, if there was the least wind-ripple on the water. Saw 3 plovers, the godwit from the Siberian side, and many finches and gulls. We found one nest on a small islet in the middle of a pond of the burgomaster gull. They tried to drive us away by swooping down upon us. I also noticed the robber-gull and several others. Butterflies were quite abundant among the blooming meadow vegetation. I noticed six or more species. The vegetation is like that of Cape Prince of Wales and Norton Sound. Found one red poppy, one wintergreen, allium, saxifrages, primulas, lupines, pedicularis, and peas, quite abundant. This region is noted for its fossil ivory. Found only a fragment of a tusk and a few bones. The deposit whence they were derived is probably above the point reached by us. The gravel is composed of quartz, mica, slate, and lava. There are many lava cones and ridges on both sides of the estuary.

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 11.5 x 21 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist