John Muir


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82 On level topped bowlders tufts & mats of moss accumulates a few grasses & flrs [flowers] pricked in here & there, heather huckleberry etc A few maple trees in the finer taluses. In a few places the rock on the walls is giving way by disintegration making raw whitish taluses but to no great extent. In many places on canon & fiord walls a sloping cleavage is presented straight or slightly curved giving rise to leaning or one sloped forms in islands or wall top summits [sketch] in others well formed gables & roofs [sketch] [where] both diagonals are developed Saw but few trees -- pines two -- leafed like contorta with small cones & short leaves. 60 or 70 ft [feet] high [a] foot dia [diameter]

83 the largest. The bark is brown that of the limbs thin & papery looking Birch of two species is common few of them more than 6 or 8 [ft] inches dia [diameter]. The leaves & branches of one species is used for hay. The branches are cut off tied in bunches & hung to dry on the trees from wh [which] they have been cut. Haymaking in so wet a climate is a laborious & tedious business It is shaken out by the women & hung on frames. Ever patch of grass a rod or so in area is cut, much of it only a few inches long. fields an acre in size are considered very large. From mtn [moutain] top meadows the hay is slid in bunches down a wire over cliffs one or two thousand feet high. Every pound seems precious to those

Date Original

June 1890


Original journal dimensions: 9 x 14.5 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist