John Muir


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34 On the E. [east] side only on one stratum at height of about 120 ft [feet] in sand & clay. some in bank of W [west] side seemed to be rooted in place, Noticed large grove of stumps in washed out basin near gl [glacier] snout. Had no time to examine closely. Evidently they had been overwhelmed with flood of sand Then washed out by stream from 1st gl [glacial] tributary. Climed [climbed] along the trib [tributary] right bank then climbed ridge 1400 ft [feet] high & set signal flag The rock granite crumbling mostly sheer & draggled with washed bowlders. The 1st trib [tributary] is about 1 1/4 or 1 1/2 ms [miles] wide. & has 4 main

35 tribs [tributaries]. reaches tide water but gives off no bergs. Climbed Large Island 2000 ft [feet] h [high]. Granite crumbling draggled with washed boulders Has some enduring bosses wh [which] on sides & top are polished & scored rigidly showing overwhelming flood overswept it from N [north], as bowlder in stream This island is very irregular in form owing to structure variations. Has several small lakelets. Has been loaded with gl [glacial] drift but by melting of ice about its flanks being unsupported is shedding it all off with some of its own crumbling rocks. Has deep rotten rock

Date Original

June 1890


Original journal dimensions: 9 x 14.5 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist