John Muir


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Ouzels in the firehole river dipping & diving jauntily.

The Parks - fire cleared. Flry [flowery], grassy, hillslopes on flat summits - geraniums v [very] large, goldenrod, helianthus , aster distributed on drier grounds everywhere.

The forests. Mostly 2- lvd [leaved] pine - cones persistent overgrown like inherent [ ] about 100 ft h [feet high] 8 to 12 to 18 in dia [diameter] vast areas destroyed by fire. trees stand for yrs [years] barkless poles. Young trees grow up then roots decay poles [full] crossed and recrossed. 2d [2nd] fire finds abundance of fuel 2d [2nd] crop is thus killed then chance for park.

Fine feeding & hiding grounds for elk.

On mtns [mountains] above 8000 ft & in cool moist dells spruce & fir from 100 to 150 ft some 2 ft dia [diameter] no large trees average of woods not more

than 6 or 8 in dia [diameter] for anything like full grown trees - 2 spruces both fir like in [planes/plumes] & foliage bark red scaly. Fir whitish like p. [pinus] grandis.

5 [ft/W] 8 pine flexilis? Cones 3 in long dark purp [purple] when young in circles [declining] [sketch] some 18-20 ft dia [diameter] 75 ft h [high]. Junipers & cottonwood along lower streams.

Solid dark parkless [barkless] forest in basin of Tower creek about size of Nevada. Trees on Mt Washburn torn by Elk two ft of bark where horns in velvet. Lovely flry [flowery] glades.

The streams. As in all volcanic regions the streams not greatly affected by drouth [drought] or flood- difference in height lol [ between] drouth [drought] & flood seldom more than 2 ft as shown by banks. Gardner Madison & Yellowstone tribs [tributaries] all clear cool & foaming. Rapids & falls ferny leafy jagged on [tracking/trachyh] v [very] picturesque upper fall of Yel. [Yellowstone] v [very] marked.

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 10 x 17 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist