John Muir


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Dark night in Peril Str [Straits] under shadow of Black Mountain [nash] sail take oars. All miserable. [I am/saw] the [luminous] [splash] of oars. Rain pelting on faces, [big] [drops] chilled like dripping of ice caves in gls. Beautiful our pathway & the tracks of the fishes. The darkness of this world, all full of undeveloped light. Finding the narrows? Rapid & exciting rundown just at gray dawn. The Port of Sitka was established in 1867 & soon after 4 other military posts were established viz Kodiack-Tongass, Kenay & Wrangel. These were [ ] soon found unnecessarily & in 1870 were abandoned, leaving Sitka the only military port in the Terr. [territory] In 1874 the discovery of the Carr’s mines brought a few miners to Wrangle & the post there is reestablished. At present March 17th 1877 the troops in the Terr. [territory] consist of two companies (73 men) at Sitka & one company (35 men) at [Wrangel]. For several years, the [the] [commanding] generals of the department of the Columbia & of the division of the Pacific have recommended the withdrawal of the troops upon the grounds that the [mere] police duty wh[which] they perform could be better accomplished by a revenue vessel free to move from point to point. Withdrawn accordingly 1877 June. Insolence & threats of the natives quickly followed.

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 10.5 x 17.5 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist