John Muir


image preview


13 covered pretty closely with mosses, polytrichium & hyphae & also [several] lichens but little [erosion] has been effected. Probably the grand channel of Davis straights & Fucca with innumerable inlets & islands & bays of puget sound would [ ] from the solid by inaction. Certainly [they] all through deep were filled with gl [glacier] ice. From [ ] Victoria to Olympia the scenery [was] is perfectly enchanting. A more [cheery] composition of water & land than can before behold. The rock quartzite [ ] granite & highly [metamorphic] slate on Vancouver Island

14 near Victoria. Sandstone all the way up the sound. Therefore comparatively low & featureless. The [harder] rocks on grand scale furrowed into, hills & vales running par with dir [direction] of ice. [sketch] & [ ] everywhere. Lodged among the [bald] [ ] [ ] are beds of rolled boulders & pebbles. [The formation & depositions of wh I do not understand]. Aug 1st do now Nothing or little of these deposits [ ] in the gl [regions] of the [ ]. There must have been

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 9 x 14.5 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

Rights Management

To view additional information on copyright and related rights of this item, such as to purchase copies of images and/or obtain permission to publish them, click here to view the Holt-Atherton Special Collections policies.


John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist