John Muir


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44 are planted with Fremont pine when rocky with sage, grass, & other herbaceous plants when covered with loose soil. The grade is remarkably regular almost 300 ft per mile. A small stream flows through it about 2 ft wide 6 inches deep. (July 28th 78) Willows, [Elders] choke cherry & spirea rose along its banks with abundance of [many] wild rye Columbine penstemons Castilleia lupine & [mimulus]. Almost all the surface of the range is available for pasturage – meadows at the heads of Canons with a few poplars. 50 acres of barley irrigated by the Canon Stream in Edwards Val [valley]. About ripe now July 28th Snow patches on the E [east] side mtn [mountain] now. Found nest with young of the rock wren on Carson table. The young nearly ready to fly July 24th I sat sketching within 6 ft of nest The parents after flitting about &

45 murmuring for a few minutes at length went on with the care of their family about as cooly as if they alone were on the mtn [mountain] top. The nest was composed of grass leaves & stems set in a narrow slot between [ ] fragments of black lava, with [a] another fragment like a tile covering it overhead & a few grasses & sage bushes near the opening in front. It faced away from the prevailing w [west] wind The parents are dull brown on back & wings grayish on breast & belly long slightly curved bill & slender straight tail scarce at all upslanted. Species common on barren Nevada Mtntops [mountaintops]. On the upper meadows & vals [valleys] of Augusta range [are] innumerable crickets about 2 inches long gross burley fellows all abdomen scarce able to jump & [tumble] out of the way of our horses feet. They are dull black not

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 9.5 x 16 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist