John Muir


[Asa] Gray]


image preview


FOR REFERENCE USE ONLY Reproduced from the original in The Yale University Library Permission necessary for reproduction or publicationonly the ends are tasseled with leaves that stand stiffly out at right angles to the branch & all around equally. The leaves are five in a sheath, one inch long “ Bark on old trees thick & rough & brown (seldom smooth) deeply furrowed both vertically & [underlined: horizontally] Cones about from three to four & a half inches long, one inch dia’ at base obtuse, pendulous, in clusters like those of monticola, [underlined: dark blue] in color when young When full grown in favorable localities where bread is abundant it reaches a height of about one hundred ft & diameter of five feet average about 80 ft dia’ 3 ft – only a wind bent bush at el’ of 11,000 ft This brave & handsome pine is closely related to Monticola & Lambertiana & is the most [underlined: graceful] of all the pines that I have seen In old age it is gnarly & picturesque, In middle age, graceful & Williamson spruce like with wonderful variety of forms, In youth, strictly balanced symmetrical & severely proper. On the head canons of Kings River we found cones of [illegible]aniabilis with the bracts extending from 1/8 to ½ inch beyond the scales. In some the scales were reflexed almost covering the whole surface of the cone. The whole forest for miles on the South Fork of King River bore cones more or less bracted as above but with no other difference that I could detect either in the size or form of cones or of the trees.[illegible] Pamabilis & [illebible] identical species We found [illegible] Monophylla on the Western flank of the Sierra on the S. Fork of Kings River at elevation of 5,000 ft


Oakland, [Calif]

Date Original

1873 Nov 25


Original letter dimensions unknown.

Resource Identifier


File Identifier

Reel 02, Image 1233

Copyright Statement

The unpublished works of John Muir are copyrighted by the Muir-Hanna Trust. To purchase copies of images and/or obtain permission to publish or exhibit them, see

Owning Institution

Yale University Library Manuscripts and Archives. Please contact this institution directly to obtain copies of the images or permission to publish or use them beyond educational purposes.

Copyright Holder

Muir-Hanna Trust

Copyright Date


Page Number

Page 2


John Muir, correspondence, letters, author, writing, naturalist, California, correspondent, mail, message, post, exchange of letters, missive, notes, epistle