[John Muir]


[Jeanne C.] Carr


image preview


[8]of wh I succeeded in making my way, & discovered that my so called [underlined: snowbank] was clear green ice, & comparing the form of the basin wh it occupied with similar adjacent basins that were empty I was led to the opinion that this glacier was several hundred feet in depth. Then I went to the "snowbanks" of Mts Lyell & McCure & believed that they also were true glaciers & that dozen other snow banks seen from the summit of Mt Lyell crouching in shadow were glaciers living as any in the world & busily engaged in completing that vast work of mountain making, accomplished by their giant relatives now dead, wh united & continuous covered all the range from summit to sea like a sky2 [5] On one of the yellow days of last October 71 when I was among the mountains of the "Merced Group", following the footprints of the ancient glaciers that once flowed grandly from their ample fountains, reading what I could of their history as written in Moraines & Canons & lakes & carved rocks, I came upon a small stream that was carry- ing mud of a kind I had not before seen. In a calm place where the stream widened I collected some of this mud & observed that it was entirely mineral in composition & fine as flour, like the mud from a fine grit grindstone. Before I had time to reason, I said, Glacier Mud - Mountain Meal! Then I observed that this00625


Yosemite Valley

Date Original

1872 Oct 8


Original letter dimensions: 20.5 x 25.5 cm.

Resource Identifier


File Identifier

Reel 02, Image 0945

Copyright Statement

The unpublished works of John Muir are copyrighted by the Muir-Hanna Trust. To purchase copies of images and/or obtain permission to publish or exhibit them, see

Owning Institution

University of the Pacific Library Holt-Atherton Special Collections. Please contact this institution directly to obtain copies of the images or permission to publish or use them beyond educational purposes.

Copyright Holder

Muir-Hanna Trust

Copyright Date


Page Number

Page 3


John Muir, correspondence, letters, author, writing, naturalist, California, correspondent, mail, message, post, exchange of letters, missive, notes, epistle