John Muir


Strentzel [Family]


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00807 In camp near Belmont Nevada Aug’ 28th 1878 — [in margin: 668]Dear Strentzels. I sent you a note from Austin. Thence we traveled southward down the Big Smoky Valley, crossing & recrossing it between the [Toryabet?] & Toquima ranges, the [illegible] summits of which we ascended. Thence still southward towards death valley to Lone Mountain thence Northeastward to this little [ mining?] town — From the summit of a huge volcanic table mountain in the Toquima range I observed a truly glorious spet[illegible] – a dozen Nevada “Cloud bursts” falling at once While we were cordially pelted with hail the falling water Cloud [illegible], thunder tones, lighting, & tranquil blue sky windows between made one of the most impressive pictures I ever beheld — One of those cloud bursts fell upon Austin, another upon Eureka. But still more glorious to me was the big significant fact I found here fresh telling glacial phenomena – a whole series. Moraines roches moutonees. glacial Sculptures & even feeble specimens of glacier meadows & glacier lakes, I also observed less manifest glaciation on several other ranges I have long guessed that this Great Basin was [illegible] with ice during the last cold period but the rocks are so unresisting & the water spouts to wh all the ranges have been exposed have not simply obscured the glacial scriptures here but nearly burned & obliterated them, so that only the skilled[in margin: Our next address good for fifteen days will be [underlined: Hamilton Nevada]. Care Cap’ A. F. Rodgers][in margin: Tomorrow we set out for the White Pine region Cordially Yrs J Muir]


In Camp near Belmont Nevada

Date Original

1878 Aug 28


Original letter dimensions: 32 x 20.5 cm.

Resource Identifier


File Identifier

Reel 03, Image 0880

Copyright Statement

The unpublished works of John Muir are copyrighted by the Muir-Hanna Trust. To purchase copies of images and/or obtain permission to publish or exhibit them, see

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University of the Pacific Library Holt-Atherton Special Collections. Please contact this institution directly to obtain copies of the images or permission to publish or use them beyond educational purposes.

Copyright Holder

Muir-Hanna Trust

Copyright Date


Page Number

Page 1


John Muir, correspondence, letters, author, writing, naturalist, California, correspondent, mail, message, post, exchange of letters, missive, notes, epistle