English Title

A more accurate investigation into brachistochrones

Authors

Leonhard Euler

Enestrom Number

759

Fuss Index

381

Original Language

Latin

Published as

Journal article

Published Date

1822

Written Date

1780

Content Summary

Euler begins by mentioning how he was not satisfied by his achievements in E42, and now attempts to derive the equations from scratch, using the "first principles" of motion (basically Newton's laws of motion). He first considers the two dimensional brachistochrone problem, finding that v dv = 2g(X dx + Y dy). Subsequently, using his "isoperimetric treatment" (which is basically a more refined Euler-Lagrange equation) he finds Θ=v2/(2gr), where r is the radius of curvature, Θ is the normal force and g is half the gravitational acceleration. After this, Euler examines the three-dimensional brachistochrone problem.

Original Source Citation

Mémoires de l'académie des sciences de St.-Petersbourg, Volume 8, pp. 17-28.

Opera Omnia Citation

Series 1, Volume 25, pp.314-325.

Record Created

2018-09-25

Included in

Mathematics Commons

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