Title

Linking justice, performance, and citizenship via leader-member exchange

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Journal of Business and Psychology

ISSN

0883-2323

Volume

23

Issue

1-2

DOI

10.1007/s10869-008-9075-z

First Page

51

Last Page

61

Publication Date

9-1-2008

Abstract

While organizational justice continues to garner attention by researchers, why perceptions of justice influence a variety of outcomes is still in need of explanation. In this paper, we examine one type of social exchange process that may provide a better link between perceptions of fairness and important organizational outcomes. Specifically, we examine how leader-member exchange (LMX) affects the relationship between employee perceptions of fairness and supervisor-rated performance and organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs). Data from our study demonstrates that LMX fully mediates the relationship between interactional justice and performance and OCBs. In addition, the results demonstrate that LMX moderates the relationship between both distributive and procedural justice and OCBs. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

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