Sitting Alone with a Text: Overcoming the Inherent Protestant Biases of American Education

Document Type

Conference Presentation

Conference Title

Hawaii International Conference on Education


Honolulu, HI

Conference Dates

January 3-6, 2017

Date of Presentation



Despite efforts to change, American education—kindergarten to PhD—remains heavily steeped in a Protestant model of learning: literacy is prized and students often read texts alone, a practice itself premised upon the Protestant Reformation’s foundational idea that one can encounter the divine personally through written word. In coming to understand the inherent Protestant biases within American education, teachers and professors can better incorporate a variety of educational models to achieve maximum learning outcomes for America’s diverse student populations.

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