Current Trends in Use and Reuse of Nickel-Titanium Engine-driven Instruments: A Survey of Endodontists in the United States
Journal of Endodontics
Introduction: Information is scarce regarding current usage practices of nickel-titanium (NiTi) engine-driven instruments in clinical practice. Therefore, the specific purpose of this survey was to assess trends among endodontists regarding the use and reuse of NiTi instruments. Methods: A 16-question survey was sent by e-mail to about 4000 active members of the American Association of Endodontists. Data were collected over a 6-month period and compared using chi-square tests. Results: A total of 957 surveys were collected (response rate = 23%). Of the respondents, 40.2% worked in solo practices; among them, there were significantly fewer recent graduates (<10 years) compared with those who graduated more than 10 years ago. Furthermore, 41.7% were in a group practice, 4.3% in corporate practice, 10.7% in university settings, and 3% in the military. Overall, 98.3% of respondents reported using NiTi instruments. Respondents who graduated less than 25 years ago use NiTi instruments significantly more (99%) than those who graduated more than 25 years ago (92.6%). Although 22.9% of respondents buy presterilized instruments, 41.6% sterilize them before use, and 35.5% do not sterilize new instruments before use; dental officers in the military reported that they use sterile new instruments in 100% of cases. NiTi instruments were reused by 74% of respondents. The 2 largest segments of the specialist endodontic instrument market belonged to Dentsply (York, PA; 56.9%) and EdgeEndo (Albuquerque, NM; 28.8%). Conclusions: There are significant differences in the use of NiTi instruments among types of practice and years since graduation. There were noticeable changes compared with findings reported about 10 years ago.
Peters, O. A.
Current Trends in Use and Reuse of Nickel-Titanium Engine-driven Instruments: A Survey of Endodontists in the United States.
Journal of Endodontics, 46(3), 391–396.