A Novel Polyurethane Expandable Root Canal Sealer
Journal of Endodontics
Introduction: Endodontic sealers play a vital role in the obturation of root canal space. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of a recently developed polyurethane expandable sealer (PES), along with its cytotoxicity and dimensional changes. Methods: L929 fibroblasts and an cell viability assay (MTS assay) were used to determine the cytotoxicity of dental sealers (AH Plus [Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland], Sure-Seal Root [Sure Dent Corporation, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea], and the PES) at 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours. An advanced choroidal neovascularization model was used to assess the effect of these sealers on angiogenesis. Thirty-six extracted single-rooted human teeth were prepared and randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 12). Obturation was performed with gutta-percha and a sealer using lateral compaction as follows: group 1, AH Plus; group 2, Sure-Seal; and group 3, PES. The average depth of sealer penetration into dentinal tubules was measured with a scanning electron microscope. Data were analyzed using 1-way analysis of variance and post hoc Tukey tests (level of significance, P < .05). Results: The values of MTS, choroidal neovascularization, and the penetration depth of PES were significantly higher than in other experimental groups (P < .05). The lowest values were noted in specimens of AH Plus, whereas the highest were detected in the PES group. Conclusions: PES showed promising results in terms of biocompatibility and dentinal tubule adaptation and penetration.
Saghiri, M. A.,
Gutmann, J. L.,
A Novel Polyurethane Expandable Root Canal Sealer.
Journal of Endodontics, 47(4), 612–620.