Essential roles of endogenous glucocorticoids and TNF/TNFR1 in promoting bone-marrow eosinopoiesis in ovalbumin-sensitized, airway-challenged mice
Cassio Almeida-da-Silva: 0000-0001-9173-7208
Aims Stress mechanisms paradoxically contribute to allergic episodes in humans and mice. Glucocorticoids (GC) and interleukin (IL)-5 synergically upregulate murine bone-marrow eosinophil production. Here we explored the role of endogenous GC in allergen-stimulated bone-marrow eosinophil production in ovalbumin-sensitized/challenged mice. Main methods In BALB/c or C57BL/6 mice, sensitized and intranasally challenged with ovalbumin, we monitored eosinophil numbers in freshly harvested or cultured bone-marrow, and plasma corticosterone levels. Metyrapone (MET) was used to inhibit GC synthesis, and RU486 to block GC actions. In sensitized mice challenged intraperitoneally, we examined the relationship between eosinophilia of bone-marrow and peritoneal cavity, in the absence or presence of RU486. In experiments involving in vivo neutralization of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF) by specific antibodies, or using mice which lack functional type I TNF receptors (TNFRI), we evaluated the relationship between TNF blockade, corticosterone levels, RU486 or MET treatment and challenge-induced bone-marrow eosinophilia. Key findings RU486 or MET pretreatments abolished challenge-induced increases in eosinophil numbers in bone-marrow (in vivo and ex vivo), and in the peritoneal cavity. MET, but not RU486, prevented the challenge-induced increase in corticosterone levels. Challenge-induced bone-marrow eosinophilia and corticosterone surge were abolished in TNFRI-deficient mice. Anti-TNF-treatment very effectively prevented challenge-induced bone-marrow eosinophilia, in the absence of RU486 or MET, but had no independent effect in the presence of either drug. Significance Endogenous GC was essential for allergen challenge-induced increases in eosinophil numbers inside bone-marrow. This effect required TNF and TNFRI, which suggests an immunoendocrine mechanism. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Luz, R. A.,
Almeida-Da-Silva, C. L.,
Lopes, R. S.,
Vieira, B. M.,
Gaspar-Elsas, M. I.
Essential roles of endogenous glucocorticoids and TNF/TNFR1 in promoting bone-marrow eosinopoiesis in ovalbumin-sensitized, airway-challenged mice.
Life Sciences, 94(1), 74–82.