Nejat Düzgüneş: 0000-0001-6159-1391
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
Cationic lipids are being used increasingly as reagents for gene delivery both in vitro and in vivo. One of the limitations to the application of cationic lipid-DNA complexes (lipoplexes) in vivo is the inhibition of gene delivery by serum. In this study, we have shown that transferrin (Tf)-lipoplexes, which had transferrin adsorbed at their surface via electrostatic interactions, are much more effective than plain lipoplexes in transfecting cells in the presence of relatively high concentrations (up to 60%) of fetal bovine serum (FBS). Serum even enhanced transfection by Tf-lipoplexes composed of 1,2-dioleoyl-3-(trimethylammonium) propane (DOTAP)/dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE)/pCMVLacZ at high lipid/DNA (+/-) charge ratios, and inhibited lipofection for those with low charge ratios when they were added to the cells immediately after the preparation of complexes. The effect of serum on lipofection was dose-dependent. Preincubation of the complexes at 20°C for 6 h led to serum resistance, even for the negatively charged transferrin-lipoplexes. A similar tendency was observed for DOTAP/cholesterol and DOTAP/DOPE/cholesterol liposomes. The percentage of cells transfected, measured by β-galactosidase expression, also increased with the serum concentration. Cell viability was not affected significantly when the cells were incubated with the complexes for 4 h at 37°C, followed by a 48-h incubation. Our findings extend the scope of previous studies where transferrin-lipoplexes were used to introduce DNA into cells, rendering these complexes and their future derivatives potential alternatives to viral vectors for gene delivery in vivo. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
Tros De Ilarduya, C.,
Efficient gene transfer by transferrin lipoplexes in the presence of serum.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, 1463(2), 333–342.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.