Influence of antifungal polyenes on the adhesion of Candida albicans and Candida glabrata to human epithelial cells in vitro


Nejat Düzgüneş: 0000-0001-6159-1391


Biomedical Sciences

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Archives of Oral Biology









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Candidal adherence to mucosal surfaces is considered as the first step in the pathogenesis of oral candidiasis. We examined the effect of antifungal polyenes, amphotericin B, nystatin and natamycin, at sublethal and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) on the adherence of Candida albicans and Candida glabrata to HeLa cervical carcinoma and HSC-3 oral squamous cell carcinoma cells. A total of six oral Candida isolates were used throughout the study. Two Candida strains, C. albicans (44990) and C. glabrata (MYA-275) were obtained from ATCC. Four Candida strains, C. albicans 19 and 24 and C. glabrata 15 and 21, were isolated from patients with documented Candida-associated denture stomatitis. Cells were either incubated with Candida in the presence of the drug, or pre-incubated with yeasts and exposed subsequently to the drug. In the drug-free controls, the mean number of C. albicans yeasts associated with HeLa cells obtained from all experiments (130.1 ± 10.1 yeasts/ mm 2) was significantly greater than that for HSC-3 cells (114.7 ± 10.1 yeasts/mm2; P < 0.025). For C. glabrata, the mean adherence to HeLa and HSC-3 cells was 84.4 ± 5.5 and 84.4 ± 3.3 yeasts/mm2, respectively, and these values were not statistically different (P > 0.4). Candidal adherence was significantly reduced when the tested polyenes were present during the "adherence phase". The obtained values were significantly different from the controls, except for the effect of nystatin at the MIC on the adherence of C. glabrata strain MYA-275 to HeLa cells (P < 0.375). Amphotericin B had the highest effect against both Candida species, reducing adherence by ∼50 and ∼60%, at the MIC and sublethal concentrations, respectively. The susceptibility of cell-associated Candida to polyenes was decreased markedly and the treatment did not result in significant detachment of adherent yeasts. The reduction in adherence was between 2 and 10%, when compared to the drug-free controls. These findings suggest that sub-therapeutic levels of polyenes that are likely to persist in the oral cavity following topical treatment may modulate candidal colonization when present during the "adherence phase". © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.