Title

Leptospira interrogans infection leads to IL-1β and IL-18 secretion from a human macrophage cell line through reactive oxygen species and cathepsin B mediated-NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

ORCiD

David M. Ojcius: 0000-0003-1461-4495

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Microbes and Infection

ISSN

1769-714X

Volume

20

Issue

4

DOI

10.1016/j.micinf.2018.01.010

First Page

254

Last Page

260

Publication Date

4-1-2018

Abstract

Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by spirochetes from the genus Leptospira. Although there is a large diversity of clinical signs and symptoms, a severe inflammatory response is common to all leptospirosis patients. The mechanism of IL-1β secretion during Leptospira infection has been previously studied in mouse macrophages. However, the outcome of Leptospira infection is very different in human and murine macrophages, and the mechanisms responsible for IL-1β secretion in human macrophages had not been investigated. This study therefore examines the effects of Leptospira interrogans infection on inflammasome activation and proinflammatory cytokine expression in human macrophages. Increased mRNA and protein expression of NLRP3 was observed by real time RT-PCR and flow cytometry at 1 h after co-cultivation. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) determination showed that IL-1β and IL-18 are released in the culture supernatants at 1 h after cultivation. The inhibition assay showed that glybenclamide (a K

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