The number of dependent arcs in an acyclic orientation
Journal of Combinatorial Theory
Let G be a graph with nnodes, eedges, chromatic numberχ, and girthg. In an acyclic orientation of G, an arc is dependent if its reversal creates a cycle. It is well known that if χ<g, then G has an acyclic orientation without dependent arcs. Edelman showed that if G is connected, then every acyclic orientation has at moste−n+1 dependent arcs. We show that if G is connected and χ<g, then G has an acyclic orientation with exactly d dependent arcs for all d⩽e−n+1. We also give bounds on the minimum number of dependent arcs in graphs with χ⩾g.
Fisher, D. C.,
West, D. B.,
Langley, L. L.
The number of dependent arcs in an acyclic orientation.
Journal of Combinatorial Theory, 71(1), 73–78.