Cigarette smoking and long-term alcohol and drug treatment outcomes: A telephone follow-up at five years
Carolynn S. Kohn: 0000-0002-2156-4898
American Journal on Addictions
This prospective study examined the relationship between cigarette smoking and five‐year substance abuse treatment outcomes. Of 749 individuals who began private outpatient treatment, 598 (80%) were re‐interviewed by telephone at five years. At five‐year follow‐up, 53% reported smoking cigarettes in the prior 30 days. Smokers were less likely to be abstinent from alcohol and drugs in the prior 30 days (48.3% vs. 64.0%), and had higher Addiction Severity Index (ASI) scores in employment, alcohol, drug, psychiatric, and family/social problems; worse self‐reported health; and greater self‐reported depression. Findings inform understanding of long‐term substance abuse treatment outcomes and potential service needs of smokers.
Satre, D. D.,
Kohn, C. S.,
Weisner, C. M.
Cigarette smoking and long-term alcohol and drug treatment outcomes: A telephone follow-up at five years.
American Journal on Addictions, 16(1), 32–37.