Campus Access Only

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Date of Award

2011

Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)

Department

Pharmaceutical and Chemical Sciences

First Advisor

Andreas Franz

First Committee Member

Liang Xue

Second Committee Member

Wade Russu

Abstract

Part I. The reaction between chiral acyl chlorides and trans -2-substituted-cyclohexanols proceeds diastereoselectively, i.e. produces mixtures of unequal amounts of diastereomers. We found for the first time that addition of pyridine or diisopropylethylamine accelerates the acylation, and unexpectedly for some substituents (RX) may completely invert its diastereoselectivity. These observations have been rationalized in terms of a stereoselective intramolecular assistance by the RX group to the acylation of the neighboring hydroxyl ("bait-and-hook" mechanism). A series of trans -2-substituted-cyclohexanols were synthesized and acylated with a racemic reagent in presence and absence of pyridine. The results showed that the presence of a nucleophilic group on the second carbon allowed for the preferred formation of one of the diastereomers in the absence of pyridine. However, in the presence of pyridine, the diastereoselectivity would inverse, and the reaction would favor the formation of the other diastereomer. To test the intramolecular acyl transfer hypothesis in detail a series of thioglucosides has been synthesized. Part II. The synthesized thioglucosides were tested as inhibitors of fungal glycosidases. Two compounds showed greater than 80% inhibition values in excess of the activity of β-D-glucosidases. More interestingly, the same compounds showed a marked enhancement of α-D-galactosidase activity by as much as 35%.

Pages

113

ISBN

9781124933740

To access this thesis/dissertation you must have a valid pacific.edu email address and create an account for Scholarly Commons.

Find in PacificSearch Find in ProQuest

Share

COinS

If you are the author and would like to grant permission to make your work openly accessible, please email