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Date of Award
Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted
Master of Science (M.S.)
Pharmaceutical and Chemical Sciences
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Part I. The reaction between chiral acyl chlorides and trans -2-substituted-cyclohexanols proceeds diastereoselectively, i.e. produces mixtures of unequal amounts of diastereomers. We found for the first time that addition of pyridine or diisopropylethylamine accelerates the acylation, and unexpectedly for some substituents (RX) may completely invert its diastereoselectivity. These observations have been rationalized in terms of a stereoselective intramolecular assistance by the RX group to the acylation of the neighboring hydroxyl ("bait-and-hook" mechanism). A series of trans -2-substituted-cyclohexanols were synthesized and acylated with a racemic reagent in presence and absence of pyridine. The results showed that the presence of a nucleophilic group on the second carbon allowed for the preferred formation of one of the diastereomers in the absence of pyridine. However, in the presence of pyridine, the diastereoselectivity would inverse, and the reaction would favor the formation of the other diastereomer. To test the intramolecular acyl transfer hypothesis in detail a series of thioglucosides has been synthesized. Part II. The synthesized thioglucosides were tested as inhibitors of fungal glycosidases. Two compounds showed greater than 80% inhibition values in excess of the activity of β-D-glucosidases. More interestingly, the same compounds showed a marked enhancement of α-D-galactosidase activity by as much as 35%.
Samoshin, Andrey V.. (2011). Diastereoselective acylation of trans-2-substituted-cyclohexanols and glycosidase inhibition studies. University of the Pacific, Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted. http://scholarlycommons.pacific.edu/uop_etds/275
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