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Date of Award

2014

Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)

Department

Biological Sciences

First Advisor

Joan Lin-Cereghino

First Committee Member

Kristin Kohler

Second Committee Member

Der Thor

Abstract

In effort to understand and isolate genes that are associated with protein secretion, the Lin-Cereghino laboratory at University of the Pacific created mutant strains of Pichia pastoris using the restriction enzyme mediated integration method. The mutants exhibited an unusual ability to supersecrete beta-galactosidase, due to the effects of a randomly disrupted gene by pREMI-Z. To learn more about the novel effects of the gene disruption, nine beta-galactosidase supersecreters ( bgs ) have been characterized for their phenotypes such as growth rate, cell wall integrity, and ability to produce and secrete various types of recombinant proteins. The mutants showed various population doubling times, which ranged from 1.7 to 2.4 hours. Generally, the mutants with severely diminished growth rates had much lower secretion of the reporter proteins. The mutants also showed different levels of cell wall (osmotic) defect, indicated by moderate to severe leakage of alkaline phosphatase from the vacuole. It was revealed that the cell wall defect was not necessarily associated with increased protein secretion, which suggests that the cell wall may not be a limiting barrier for the secretion of most reporter proteins. The result of the reporter study suggests that the secretion phenotypes of bgs mutants were protein specific and likely to be dependent upon the structure of the secreted protein rather than the size.

Pages

58

ISBN

9781321359961

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