Title

Concomitant boron neutron capture therapy during fast neutron radiation of a rat glioma

ORCiD

0000-0001-9010-5970

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Radiology

ISSN

0033-8419

Volume

191

Issue

3

DOI

10.1148/radiology.191.3.8184080

First Page

863

Last Page

867

Publication Date

6-1-1994

Abstract

PURPOSE: Fast-neutron irradiation and boron-neutron capture therapy (BNCT) have been independently investigated as treatments for malignant disease. This study tested the feasibility of enhancing fast-neutron irradiation with concomitant BNCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen male Fisher rats, each weighing 180-200 g and bearing 36B10 gliomas, were irradiated with graded doses of fast-neutron radiation. Half of the animals received an L-para-boronophenylalanine (BPA) fructose complex prior to treatment. An in vitro colony-forming assay was used to measure surviving fraction. RESULTS: A significantly lower surviving fraction was noted in the tumors from the BPA group compared with those receiving neutrons alone at the three lower neutron doses (P < .005). With use of a linear quadratic curve fit of cell survival, the dose modifying factor was 1.32 at the 0.10 surviving fraction. Mean tumor boron concentration was 68.4 micrograms/g. CONCLUSIONS: BNCT enhancement of fast-neutron irradiation is feasible in an in vivo tumor system.