Title

Role of extracellular nucleotides in the immune response against intracellular bacteria and protozoan parasites

ORCiD

David M. Ojcius: 0000-0003-1461-4495

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Microbes and Infection

ISSN

1286-4579

Volume

14

Issue

14

DOI

10.1016/j.micinf.2012.05.009

First Page

1271

Last Page

1277

Publication Date

11-1-2012

Abstract

Extracellular nucleotides are danger signals involved in recognition and control of intracellular pathogens. They are an important component of the innate immune response against intracellular pathogens, inducing the recruitment of inflammatory cells, stimulating secretion of cytokines, and producing inflammatory mediators such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO). In the case of extracellular ATP, some of the immune responses are mediated through activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and secretion of the cytokine, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), through a mechanism dependent on ligation of the P2X7 receptor. Here we review the role of extracellular nucleotides as sensors of intracellular bacteria and protozoan parasites, and discuss how these pathogens manipulate purinergic signaling to diminish the immune response against infection.