Title

Regioselective Bromination of a Thymine-Acridine Conjugate by N-Bromosuccinimide

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Synthetic Communications

Department

Chemistry

ISSN

0039-7911

Volume

40

Issue

8

DOI

10.1080/00397910903061050

First Page

1192

Last Page

1201

Publication Date

1-1-2010

Abstract

A thymine and acridine conjugate (1), containing a benzylic carbon of thymine and an electron-rich aromatic ring (acridine) within the same molecule, was synthesized. Treatment of 1 with N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) in anhydrous chloroform in the presence of azobisisobutylnitrile produced a dibromo-substituted thymine-acridine conjugate (7) as a major product, in which the bromination was only observed on the acridine ring. Nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) difference spectroscopy revealed that the actual bromination substitution was on C-2 and C-7 of acridine. Our results suggest that electrophilic aromatic substitution, not the expected benzylic radical reaction, takes place predominantly even when 1 is subjected to the NBS reaction condition, which favors radical processes. In addition, such selectivity is clearly solvent dependent.